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HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I


LECTURE OUTLINE SIX

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HIGH MIDDLE AGES (C.1050-1300) ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTS

First Agricultural Revolution
  • causes and consequences
  • impact on trade and towns/cities
Manorialism
  • definiton of manorialism
  • definition of feudalism
  • characteristics of the relationship between lords and serfs
  • demesne and open fields
  • improvements in the live of lords and serfs and reasons for the improvement
  • decline of serfdom and the rise of chivalry
Revival of Trade and Urban Revolution
  • impacts of the agricultural revolution upon trade and cities
  • trade and its characteristics
  • merchant guilds and craft guilds
  • significance of the urban revolution

FEUDALISM AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL MONARCHIES
(from decentralized feudalism to the development of political centralization)
definition of feudalism (recap)
Germany
  • strengths under Otto the Great
  • the investiture struggle between Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII
  • the impact of the struggle upon Germany's decentralization and decline
  • Frederick Barbarossa and the Holy Roman Empire
  • Frederick II and Italy
Italy (overview and instability)


DEVELOPMENT OF FEUDALISM DURING THE DISINTEGRATION OF THE CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE


DID FEUDALISM CONTRIBUTE TO POLITICAL PROGRESS?


POLITICAL CENTRALIZATION IN THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES (GROWTH OF A NATIONAL MONARCHY) IN ENGLAND
England and feudalism after the Norman Conquest
reign of Henry I
Henry II and his struggle with Thomas Becket (Consitutions of Clarendon in 1164)
Henry II and his other policies
Richard the "Lionhearted"
King John and the Magna Carta (1215)
Henry III (High Courts and the Chancery)
Edward I and his policies (the origin of Parliament)
Edward I and his limitation of the barons (decline of feudalism)


POLITICAL CENTRALIZATION IN THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES (GROWTH OF A NATIONAL MONARCHY) IN FRANCE
centralization developed more slowly in France than in England
factors that contributed to the growth of the French monarchy
Louis VI (Louis the Fat) and his policies
Philip Augustus and the development of the monarchy--the "baillis"
policies of Philip IV (Philip the Fair)


COMPARISON OF CENTRALIZING POLICIES IN ENGLAND AND FRANCE


HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL MONARCHIES


HIGH MIDDLE AGES (C.1050-1300) RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENTS--RISE AND DECLINE OF THE PAPAL MONARCHY
corruption of religious life in the 10th century
religious revival
  • monastic reform
  • attacks against simony
  • papal reform and the 1059 decree on papal elections
Pope Gregory VII and his new visions of the papacy (the basis of the papal monarchy)
the investiture struggle between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV of Germany
impact of the investiture struggle upon Germany and the papal monarchy
Concordat of Worms (1122)
growth of the papal monarchy after Gregory VII
the papacy of Innocent III
  • his contributions to the growth of the papal monarchy
  • Fourth Lateran Council (1215)
the loss of papal integrity with the onset of political crusades
Pope Boniface VIII and factors contributing to the decline of the papal monarchy


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