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HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I


LECTURE OUTLINE FIVE

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SHAPING OF WESTERN CHRISTIAN THOUGHT
St. Jerome and the Vulgate
St. Ambrose
St. Augustine and the concept of predestination


EASTERN ROME (EMPEROR JUSTINIAN AND HIS ACCOMPLISHMENTS)
Corpus Juris Civilis--the Code of Justinian+Novels+Digest+Insitutes
the attempt to reconquer the West


EARLY MIDDLE AGES (ROME'S FIRST "HEIR"--BYZANTIUM
How "Dark" were the Dark Ages?
When did Byzantine history begin?
What is the definition of "Byzantine"?
Heraclius vs. the Persians
Leo the Isaurian and his battles with the Muslims
historical significance of the Byzantine victory over Islam in the seige of Constantinople in 717
Byzantine growth and decline (an overview)


REASONS FOR BYZANTINE STABILTY
rulers' effectiveness
the importance of an effective bureaucracy
economic strength


IMPORTANCE OF RELIGION IN BYZANTIUM
the emperors' role in religion
importance of the Iconoclastic Controversy
the Iconoclastic controversy's impact upon the "about face" of the papacy
Byzantium's role in the conversion of Russia


OVERVIEW OF BYZANTIUM'S LEGACY TO HISTORY


ROME'S SECOND "HEIR"--ISLAM
Arabia before Islam
the teachings of Mohammed and the doctrines of Islam
the expansion and consolidation of Islam
the beginning of the caliphate
  • Abu-Bak'r and Umar
  • divisions between Sunnites and Shiites
Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates


OVERVIEW OF ISLAMIC SOCIETY AND ITS IMPACT UPON HISTORY


ROME'S THIRD "HEIR"--WESTERN CHRISTENDOM

the slow development of a Western European Empire in alliance with the Western Christian Church
the Merovingian period in the Kindom of the Franks and its degeneration
the importance of Pope Gregory I
Gregory's effort to create a more autonomous Western-oriented Church
Gregory's assertion of papal primacy and his work with the Benedictines
growth of an alliance between Frankish rulers and the Church
  • Pepin of Heristal
  • Charles Martel (The Hammer) and his work with the Benedictines
  • Pepin the short seeks legitimacy from the papacy
  • the famous "about face" of the papacy
  • Pepin's son Charlemagne and his rule
the significance of Charlemagne's coronation as Emperor in 800
decline of the Carolingian Empire


BEGINNINGS OF NATIONAL ENTITIES
England
France
Germany and Otto the Great


THE ECONOMY OF WESTERN EUROPE IN THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES


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