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HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I


LECTURE OUTLINE FOUR

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SOCIAL CONDITIONS IN THE LATE REPUBLIC
Slavery in the Late Republic
Religion in the Late Republic (spread of mystery cults and Mithraism


EARLY EMPIRE OR PRINCIPIATE (31 B.C.-180 A.D.)
Octavian and the succession to Julius Caesar
Second Triumvirate (Octavian/Mark Antony/Lepidus
the struggle between West and East (Octavian vs. Mark Antony
Battle of Actium (31 B.C.)
changes instituted by Octavian that contributed to Roman stability
successors to Octavian (Augustus)
  • Tiberius
  • Caligula
  • Claudius
  • Nero
Era of the "5 Good Emperors"
  • Nerva
  • Trajan
  • Hadrian
  • Antoninus Pius
  • Marcus Aurelius
Life during the Era of the Principiate
  • status of women
  • slaves
  • spread of Mithraism and Christianity as the economy declined

ROMAN LAW
role of judges and praetors
three divisions of Roman law
  • civil law
  • law of the peoples
  • natural law

CRISIS OF THE THIRD CENTURY (180-284 A.D.)
impact of the death of Marcus Aurelius
civil wars; "barracks emperors"; consequences of the civil wars


ROME'S DECLINE
older theories of decline
internal factors that contributed to the decline
external factors that contributed to the decline


LEGACY AND INFLUENCE OF ROMAN CIVILIZATION


TRANSFORMATION OF ROME
Diocletian's reforms to reorganize the Empire
Diocletian's tranformation/"orientalization" of the Empire
the rule of Constantine and the building of Constantinople
from Constantine to Theodosius the Great


THE EMERGENCE AND SPREAD OF CHRISTIANTIY
the Judea of Jesus of Nazareth
  • Pharisees
  • Sadducees
  • Zealots
  • Essenes
Jesus's teachings
Paul's contributions to the spread of Christianity
factors that led to Christianity's appeal and spread
the conversion of Constantine (312)
Christianity and the Edict of 380 under Theodosius the Great


NEW CONTOURS OF CHRISTIANITY IN THE 4TH CENTURY
doctrinal disputes (Arians vs. St. Athanasius) and their results
organizational development (the growth of the clergy and the rise of the Papacy)
the development of monasticism (extremism vs. Saints Basil and Benedict)
negative attitudes toward women


GERMANIC INVASIONS AND THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE IN THE WEST
Were the Germans "barbarians"?
Were these really "invasions"?
the Visigoths
the course of the Vandals
Why did the Germans succeed?
Why did the West collapse and the Eastern Roman Empire survive?
consequences of the invasions


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