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HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I


LECTURE OUTLINE THREE

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HELLENISTIC CIVILIZATION
definition of "Hellenistic" (hybrid of Greek and Asian elements)
the basis of the Hellenistic Age is found in Persia


PERSIAN EMPIRE
the victories of Cyrus
administrative achievements of Darius the Great (satrapies)
Darius's mistake--the attempt to conquer Greece
Persia's war with Greece--the Battles of Marathon and Salamis
Persian instability
Persia's religious legacy of Zoroastrianism
Persia's cultural legacy of universalism


PHILIP OF MACEDONIA
"strong man" who took advantage of chaos within Greece
Philip's accomplishments
Philip's victory over the Greek forces at the Battle of Chaeronea (338 B.C.)


ALEXANDER THE GREAT
foundations of Hellenistic civilization and his series of victories
Alexander's combination of Greek and Asian characteristics


POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC TRENDS AFTER ALEXANDER
successor states to Alexander's Empire
  • Oriental despotism (Kingdom of the Ptolemies and Kingdom of the Seleucids)
  • City-state federalism (Aetolian League and Achaean League)
economic characteristics of the Hellenistic states


HELLENISTIC CULTURE
Philosophical trends
  • Cynicism
  • Stoicism
  • Epicureanism
  • Skepticism

HELLENISTIC RELIGION
mystery cults
the branch of Zoroastrianism called Mithraism


THE FIRST GREAT AGE OF SCIENCE
reasons for advances in astronomy, mathematics, geography, and medicine


LEGACY AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF HELLENISTIC CIVLIZATION

ROMAN CIVILIZATION (ROMAN MONARCHY AND EARLY REPUBLIC)
  • Early Italy and Roman Monarchy
    • Etruscans, Greeks, and Italians
    • Roman Monarchy (King, Senate, and the Assembly
  • Early Republic
    • expansion, warfare, and their effects
    • political changes in the Early Republic--consuls, Senate, and Assembly
    • the struggle between the patrcians and the plebeians
    • changes "favoring" the plebeians in the Early Republic
    • religion in the Early Republic and its contrast with Greek religion
  • Rome vs. Carthage (Punic Wars 264 B.C.-146 B.C)
    • causes of the wars
    • effects of the wars--expansionism, socioeconomic changes, and attempts at political reform

    ROMAN CIVILIZATION (LATE REPUBLIC)
    Reform efforts from Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
    roles of Marius and Sulla
    Pompey and Julius Caesar
    First Triumvirate--Pompey, Julius Caesar and Crassus
    changes instituted by Julius Caesar


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