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HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I


LECTURE OUTLINE TWO

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HEBREW CULTURE
Hebrew Migrations from Mesopotamia
struggle for Canaan
abandonment of tribal confederation and the foundation of the national monarchy
Samuel and King Saul
reign of King David
King Solomon and his dream of building Jerusalem and a Temple
Northerners protest and secede
Palestine divides into the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah
Assyrian assault on the Kingdom of Israel
New Babylonians'assault on the Kingdom of Judah


FOUR STAGES OF HEBREW RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENT
polytheism
national monolatry and the characteristics of Yahweh
the prophetic revolution and its three doctrines
the post-exilic stage (eschatology and the expectations of a Messiah


HEBREW LAW AND LITERATURE
Deuteronomic Code
works of the Old Testament


HEBREW LEGACY, ACHIEVEMENTS, AND IMPACT UPON HISTORY


MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATIONS
Overview of the Rise and Fall of the Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations
Characteristics of Minoan Civilization
Comparison of the Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations
Legacy, Significance and Achievement of these two civilizations


GREEK CIVILIZATION
  • The Greek Dark Ages
    political institutions (the basileus and communities of villages)
    social and economic life
    religion in the Dark Ages
  • Emergence of the City-states (Stages of evolution)
    monarchy
    oligarchy
    dictatorship
    democracy
    the factors that contributed to this evolution
  • Sparta
    differences from the stages of evolution
    militarism
    Sparta and its political structure
    Sparta's class system
    Sparta's outlook on the world
  • Athens
    geographical differences from Sparta
    political structure and early history
    reforms of Solon
    Cleisthenes and democracy
    Pericles and Athenian democracy
    Athenian political structure
    differences from modern democracies
    overview of Athenian class structure
  • Persian War
    importance of the Battle of Marathon (490 B.C.) and the Battle of Salamis (480 B.C.)
  • Peloponnesian War--Athens vs. Sparta (431-404 B.C.)
    causes of the Peloponnesian War
    • overall differences between Athens and Sparta
    • the issue of Athenian fortification
    • the Delian League and the issue of Athenian imperialism
    • economic factors
    impact of the war upon Athens, Sparta, and the rest of Greece
  • changes in Greek religion

GREEK PHILOSOPHY
the Milesian School
Pythagoreans
Democritus and the atomists
Protagoras and the Sophists (relativism-"Man is the measure of all things"
Opponents of the Sophists
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Aristotle

LEGACY AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF GREEK CIVILIZATION


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