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HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I


LECTURE OUTLINE ELEVEN

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THE CENTURY OF CRISIS (C. 1560-1660)
era of economic hardships, religious strife, and warfare
the "price revolution"
  • demographic causes
  • the influx of silver
economic stagnation
political effects of the "price revolution" and economic stagnation
governmental crises caused by provincialism and separatism


RELIGIOUS WARFARE IN THE CENTURY OF CRISIS
Prior to 1560
  • Charles V's attempt to restore religious unity in Germany
  • 1555 Peace of Augsburg and "cuius regio, eius religion"
Civil War in France
  • background to Huguenot strength
  • St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre (August 24, 1572)
  • rise to power of Henry IV
  • promulgation of the Edict of Nantes (1598)
War of National Liberation in the Netherlands
  • Charles V's policy
  • policies of Philip II and the raising of national resentment in the Netherlands
  • the role of William the Silent
  • foundation of the Dutch Republic
Warfare between Nations (England vs. Spain)
  • reasons for the rivalry between England and Spain
  • Philip II and the Armada
  • significance of the defeat of the Armada in 1588

RELIGIOUS RIVALRY AND THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR (1618-1648)
religious causes--Protestant revolt against Habsburg Catholic rule in Bohemia
political and constitutional considerations with Ferdinand II
involvement of Sweden and France
Peace of Westphalia (1648) and its impact upon European history


THE DEVELOPMENT OF FRANCE
importance of the policies of Cardinal Richelieu--French centralization
"revolts" of the Fronde (1648-1653
the triumph of French absolutism


ENGLAND IN THE ERA AFTER THE TUDORS--THE STUARTS
foundations of centralized royal authority under Henry VIII and Elizabeth I
the rule of James I (1603-1625)
James I causes antagonisms
James I vs. the Puritans
Charles I (1625-1649) and his battles with Parliament
Petition of Right (1628)
Charles I and the dissolution of Parliament


ENGLISH CIVIL WAR (1642-1649)
Cavaliers vs. Roundheads
the rise of Oliver Cromwell
1649--Charles I executed and England declared a Republic
Cromwell and the Commonwealth
Cromwell and the "Protectorate"
Charles II and the Stuart Restoration in 1660--England as a limited monarchy


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