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HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I


LECTURE OUTLINE TEN

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THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION IN ENGLAND
definition of "Protestant"
Henry VIII and the "Henrician Reformation
Why would the English people support Henry VIII?
Henry's marital difficulties and his search for an annulment
Pope Clement's dilemma
Act of Supremacy (1534)
The Henrician Reformation was essentially conservative in nature


CONSOLIDATION OF ENGLISH PROTESTANTISM AFTER HENRY VIII
Edward VI and the Dukes of Somerset and Northumberland
"Bloody" Mary's efforts at Counter-Reformation
Elizabeth I and England's definite move toward Protestantism
Characteristics of the "Elizabethan Compromise"
  • Act of Supremacy (1559)
  • accepted many reforms instituted under Edward VI
  • retained the role of the bishops
  • created a vague definition of certain articles of faith

THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION IN SWITZERLAND
Zwinglianism and its teachings
the phenomenon of Anabaptism (rebaptism)


JOHN CALVIN AND CALVINISM
Institutes of the Christian Religion
Calvin's teachings and theology
Comparison of Calvinism and Lutheranism
  • activism of Calvinism
  • different attitudes toward the Sabbath
  • differences on church government and ritual
Calvinist theocracy in Geneva
  • imapct of the "Consistory"
  • supervision of morals

CALVINISM AS A BEACON TO THE REST OF EUROPE


RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE RENAISSANCE AND THE REFORMATION
Christian Humanists' opposition to Protestantism


RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE REFORMATION AND MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT
rise of the nation-state and nationalism
commercial and economic development
the role of women


CATHOLIC REFORM BEFORE LUTHER--CATHOLIC REFORMATION
inspired by Christian Humanism with no help from the Papacy


CATHOLIC REFORM AFTER LUTHER--COUNTER-REFORMATION
the reforming Popes
Council of Trent (1545-1563)
  • doctrinal teachings of the Council
  • practical reforms of the Council
Ignatius Loyola and the founding of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits)
  • The Spiritual Exercises
  • the role of the Jesuits in the Counter-Reformation

IMPACT OF THE COUNTER-REFORMATION UPON EUROPEAN HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT


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